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About Leather
About Indian Leather Industry
About Our Company
About Our Plant
About Product Pricing
About Ordering
About Payment
About Material Options
About Prototyping
About Shipping
About Quality Inspection
About Satisfaction Guarantee

About Other Charges


Why should I consider leather over synthetic materials?
Unlike synthetic materials, leather is a natural organic  material derived from renewable source and is far more aesthetically beautiful, long lasting, and versatile. The appearance of good leather doesn't deteriorate as it ages, instead it acquires character- thanks to the fine patina that develops over time. Although the initial investment of quality leather may be more than synthetic materials, leather is actually your best value in the long run as it outlasts other materials 4 to 1.

How do I differentiate between genuine leather and synthetic one?
There are three basic tests that you can perform to confirm the material is indeed leather.

Smell Test: First, most leather has a characteristic odor of fat-liquor (oils used to lubricate the leather). If the material doesn't have this "regular smell of leather", chances are it is not genuine leather. Please note that many of the newer "washable" or water resistant leather do not have the same fat-liquors and often do not have much of a characteristic leather odor.

Look Test: Looking at the back side of the leather will also reveal its genuine character. The back of the leather should look like suede. If you see threads, that is a bad sign. If you see the ends of the collagen fibers, like you would on a suede pair of shoes, that is good.

If possible, you can also inspect the cut edge - the leather has a very distinctive layered appearance from the edge. The grain and finish are very tight and compact. Often you can see the hair follicles in this layer if you cut just right. Then the inner layer is coarser and a random tangle of heavier fibers. If you can see any criss-cross pattern or symmetry, that is a sure sign of synthetic materials.

Fire Test: When exposed to mild temperatures (say match flame), the genuine leather will not catch fire, while other synthetic materials are inflammable and will burn quickly. Leather sort of melts into a lump that will harden like glass when cool. Will also shatter like glass if crushed after it has been burned.

Where can I learn more about leather?
We want you to learn about the leather as much as possible and therefore have put together a leather knowledge base, which can be accessed by clicking here.

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What do I need to know about Indian leather industry?
Leather industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilization of available raw materials for maximizing the returns, particularly from exports. The key facts that make India an attractive destination for leather goods outsourcing are:
  • The world’s largest technically trained manpower in leather craft is accessible at the world’s most competitive costs.
  • India boasts of 10% of the world's raw material production. India is the largest livestock holding country 21% large animals and 11% small animals. 
  • The current industrial policy is very conducive to the promotion of the Indian leather industry both in terms of domestic trade as well as exports. Integrated tannery for conversion of raw hides and skins into finished leather is de-licensed. Except for a few items, many sectors are de-reserved.
  • Decent Infrastructure: International airports, well equipped sea ports, and well placed communication network.
  • Increasing tannery activities and modernization of manufacturing facilities.
  • Exports from India are likely to grow as international brands have started outsourcing products from India.
  • Government paying considerable attention to this sector. Export revenues of over $2 billion.

What are the major production centers for leather and leather products in India?
The major production centers in India are - Chennai, Hyderabad, and Bangalore in South; Kanpur, Agra, Delhi, and Jallandhar in North; Kolkata in East; and Mumbai in the West.

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Who is GNN International?
Please click here to learn about us.

What is your EIN and D-U-N-S number?

Please send us a request using our contact form and we would be happy to provide you this information.

Is GNN a certified MBE (minority-owned business enterprise)?

While GNN is a Minority Owned Business in the US, we have not sought a certification as of 2006.

Where is your sales office located?

Our sales office is located in Colorado Springs, CO in the USA. Please click here to see the mailing addresses for our sales office.

How many employees do you have?

Our workshop currently employs 27 full time fabricators, cutters, craftsmen, and other personnel.

How long have you been in the business?

GNN International has been in business for over 13 years now. The US office started in May 2002.

Do you have a company brochure?

Please click here to download our electronic brochure in PDF format. We would be happy to email you another brochure that contains detailed information about our company it's capabilities.

Do you have a product catalog?

We're primarily a custom leather solutions provider and therefore do not carry a print catalog. However, we do have a large selection of readymade products to choose from. To view our online product catalog, please click here.

Why should we choose GNN as our manufacturing partner?

The cost savings associated with strategic outsourcing not only give a business an edge over its competition, but has become crucial for the survival of many businesses. From the more obvious benefits of cost reduction and quality improvement, outsourcing delivers a client a number of advantages all the way up to value generation and innovation capability in core competencies.

The five key considerations are:

  1. Cost: The cost benefits of outsourcing are obvious in terms of cheaper labor and material costs. In case of variable sourcing contracts, the costs can be reduced further in the form of higher productivity of employees.

  2. Quality: Most outsourcing vendors have a better process maturity in their core areas as compared to the client. As a result, such vendors can deliver high quality products.

  3. Time to Market: One of the major benefits of outsourcing is to reduce the time to market for any products or services of the client.

  4. Focus on Core Competencies: The whole objective of outsourcing is to enable the client company to enable the client company to concentrate on its core competence. By outsourcing your products to a company that specializes in that area, the client company significantly reduces its management involvement in production issues, thereby freeing such resources for core business activities.

  5. Value Generation: In order to extract more value from its products, the company can measure the return on its investment. By doing so, it becomes clear to both the vendor and the client as to what are the key value parameters for the project and for the outsourcing relationship. This in turn helps both parties to monitor and plan for maximum value in the engagement.

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Where are the goods produced?

Our workshop is located in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Please click here to see the mailing address for our workshop.


What is your plant production capacity?

We have a regular production capacity of 60,000 combined product units a month and have both human and financial resources at our disposal to scale up our production capacity at short notice.


What type of machinery and equipments does your plant use?

We use imported cutting, skiving, ironing, sewing (flat, vertical post, and cylinder bed) machines.


What quality control measures do you have in place?

The survival of our business rests on quality of our products and therefore we're extremely serious about quality and workmanship of our products. We have a tiered Quality Control System in place that ensures process integrity at three different levels and assures finished product conformance with product specifications.


Does your plant employ child labor?

We neither employ nor condone child labor.



Can I order sample leather and lining swatches?

We would be happy to send you leather swatches matching your leather preferences. We can also send you the lining material samples subject to availability. There is no charge for swatches, however, we do require your FedEx/UPS/DHL/TNT account number to cover the shipping cost.


What leather selections are available?
We are able to provide our products made of leather from multiple origins allowing our customers the freedom to choose the best products to meet their specific needs. The most frequently used leathers are:

  • Cow Vegetable Tanned: leather produced using environmentally friendly technology of applying vegetable extracts instead of chrome powder similar to used in most Italian leather.
  • Cow Nappa: Nappa refers to Soft and as the name suggests, this leather is soft and smooth to touch.
  • Cow Natural Dry Milled (NDM): full grain leather milled to provide smooth, tight grain, and suppleness of hand. The leather has natural markings and reveals its natural characteristics.
  • Cow Printed Dry Milled (PDM): a chrome leather with dry milled impressions on it.
  • Cow Glazed: glazed is based on protein finish to give the leather natural look.
  • Cow Softy: semi-aniline and drum dyed leather that is cheaper alternative to more expensive softer leather like Nappa.
  • Cow Antique: naked and drum dyed leather with aged looks.
  • Cow Saliba: a semi-chrome leather with a natural break and smooth to touch.
  • Buff Aniline: the Indian Buffalo hide retains its color only from dyestuffs rather than from pigment resulting in more natural look.
  • Buff Glazed: the Indian Buffalo hide, with a fine surface and smooth natural appearance.
    Buff Resin: the Indian Buffalo hide, with a glossy surface.
  • Sheep Nappa: soft and supple lambskin widely used in leather apparel manufacturing.

In addition, We have well established relationships with the tanneries in India and abroad for the prompt and efficient sourcing of wide variety leathers.

What color and print options are available?

We can produce virtually any color matching to your color swatch specification including metallic colors. For a basic color guide, please visit our Color Options page. For available color options, please click here and for the available print options, please click here.


Can I order my signature lining material?

Yes, we can have your signature textile lining materials produced subject to minimum order quantity. The typical minimum order quantity for signature lining material is 1000 yards.


Can you arrange for my custom hardware?

We have reliable local vendors on hand who can custom produce your hardware. If we're unable to produce that hardware locally, we have well established relationships with hardware vendors in Taiwan and Hong Kong for such supplies.


Do you work with exotic skins?

Exotic skins like Croc, Lizard, Ostrich, and others are prohibited by law in India and therefore can not be used in production.  


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Do you sell retail?

No. We only offer business-to business services and work with new and established businesses with valid business identification numbers.

Can I order from your online catalog?

Yes, you can order from our online catalog. However, certain products that we have developed for our clients based on their specifications and are displayed on the website for illustration purposes only. These products can not be reproduced and therefore can not be ordered.

What is your minimum order quantity?

We're very flexible on our minimums. We offer none to very low minimums if purchased on FOB Kolkata/Ex-factory basis. Due to shipping considerations, however, we do require minimum order quantities if purchased on CIP/CIF (shipping included) basis. These minimums vary on the total weight and volume of the shipment. Please contact us with products of your interest and we'll quote you our CIP/CIF price quote with minimum order requirement.

How do I place an order?

You can call, fax, or contact us using our online form mentioning the products of your interest. We'll then send you a Proforma Invoice quoting you our best prices based on the ordered quantity and shipping method, if any. You can sign this Proforma Invoice and fax it back to us. You can also fax your Purchase Order based on this Proforma Invoice.

What is the required lead-time for delivery once an order is placed?

The production lead time depends on the ordered quantity. However, most of the orders are shipped within 6-8 weeks of order confirmation. For larger and repeat orders a shipment schedule can be negotiated in advance.


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I don't see prices listed on your website. How can I get a pricelist?

A pricelist can be requested for our products by completing our Registration page.

What is FOB Kolkata (India) pricing?

FOB (Free on Board) Kolkata pricing doesn't include shipping and insurance charges to the destination. A buyer is responsible for these charges. You can either make your own arrangements for the shipping or we would be happy to send you a separate quote from one of our local shipping agents.


What is CIF/CIP Destination pricing?

CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)/CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid) pricing means that the quoted price is the "delivered" price. You may still be responsible for Customs Duty and Customs Clearance charges, if any.


How can I request pricing that includes shipping charges.

We would be happy to quote you CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid) or CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight) pricing subject to a minimum order quantity. Call us to discuss your order.


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What are your payment terms?


Our Terms of Business require payments be made using one of the following three options:

  • For orders under $10,000: 100% deposit at the time of placing order. Only US Business Checks or Wire Transfers accepted.

  • For orders between $10,000-$20,000: 50% deposit at the time of placing order and balance payment before delivery of the goods. At our discretion, we may extend flexible terms to our long-time customers based on their payment history and credit worthiness. Only US Business Checks or Wire Transfers accepted.

  • For orders over $20,000: 100% Confirmed Irrevocable Letter of Credit at Sight issued by a reputed US/international bank. All bank charges incurred will be to buyer’s account.

What payment methods do you accept? Can I pay by credit card?

We accept Business Checks, Cashiers' Checks, and Wire/TT Transfer methods of payment. For larger transactions, we accept Escrow, and Letter of Credits brokered by a reputed bank or institution. Personal checks and Credit Cards are not accepted.


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How can I submit specifications for my custom product?

You can send your specifications or instructions and drawings/images using out Request a Quote page.

Is my proprietary information protected? Do you sign non-disclosure/non-compete agreements?

We respect your right to your proprietary information and ensure its confidentiality. We are glad to sign any non-disclosure and/or non-compete Agreement before you reveal any confidential information to us.

What is the turn around time for prototyping?

The turn around time essentially depends on the availability of the requested materials and therefore the typical turn around time on prototyping is 4 weeks.

How much do you charge for prototyping?

We do not charge prototype development charges. The cost of prototyping is typically the cost of the product and the shipping charges involved. The shipping might also be charged directly to your FedEx/UPS/DHL/TNT account, subject to your account verification.


Do you guarantee prototyping results?

While we guarantee our best efforts in producing a prototype, due to the unpredictable nature of the process, we cannot guarantee the outcome. Be rest assured, however, that we use our years of experience and all of the resources to deliver your leather solution just the way you meant it to be.

Is there anything else I need to know about prototyping process?

Prototyping is a time consuming and highly unpredictable process. Sometimes the outcome is not as expected and we have to refine the process to achieve the desired results. Your patience during this process is greatly appreciated.


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What is Pre-Shipment Inspection?

Pre-shipment inspection of goods is carried out during or upon the completion of production of the goods. Even though all our products are back by our 100% guarantee for quality or adherence to the specifications, a buyer may still want to make sure that everything is absolutely perfect before shipment leaves our factory. In that case, the buyer has an option of Pre-shipment inspection by a third party.


Who carries out the inspection and who pays?

Pre-shipment inspections are performed by contracted private organizations. One such internationally reputed agency is SGS (India). A buyer has an option of engaging them for a pre-shipment inspection. The expenses incurred in such inspection will be borne by the buyer.


What is post shipment inspection?

Since we guarantee all the products we sell, you also have an option of carrying out post-shipment inspection of goods upon receiving the goods. We allow you seven days after the goods have been delivered to inspect the goods carefully and inform us of any defects or discrepancy. We replace or compensate you for the the defected goods in your next order. This costs you nothing yet gives you the same peace of mind as pre-shipment inspection.


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What is my shipping cost?
Shipping cost depends on the Gross Weight, Volume of the shipment, and port of destination. Shipping cost from India typically ranges between 5% - 18% of the merchandize cost.

Where are the goods shipped from?

All the orders are shipped directly from our factory in Kolkata (India).

What shipping methods are available?

There are three shipping methods available from India:

Ocean Freight: This is the most economical way of shipping goods but takes about 45-60 days for US/Canadian destinations and 30-45 days for European destinations. This option is ideal for large shipments that are not time sensitive .

Air Freight: This option is the most widely used option ensuring low shipping costs with faster deliveries. This method costs more than Ocean Freight but substantially less than Air Express. The lead time is typically 7-12 days depending on the carrier.

Air Express: This is the fastest shipping method with high shipping costs. The advantages of this option include door-to-door delivery with inexpensive and hassle-free Customs clearance. This is a good option for time sensitive and relatively smaller shipments. The deliveries take about 3-5 days.


Can I have shipping billed directly to my FedEx/UPS/DHL account?

Yes. However, this will cost you more in shipping costs because FedEx/UPS/DHL charges higher US Dollar rates to your account as compared to cheaper Indian Rupee rates they charge us locally. On top we receive several volume discounts because of our ongoing relationship with them. Also, we do not recommend this option for time sensitive shipments.


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Besides shipping and insurance charges what other charges should I take into consideration?

Besides Freight and insurance, you're also responsible for paying the US Customs Duties (typically in the range of 8-10%). In addition, if your shipment is arriving via Ocean or Air Freight, you will also incur the Customs Clearance charges. These charges are about $300 per shipment if you hire a Clearing Agent. In most cases, you can clear the shipments yourself with the Customs and save this expense. For Air Express shipments, the carrier clears your shipment for you and charge a nominal clearance charge in addition to the Customs Duty, if any.

Where can I find more information on the Customs tariff?

Please visit US Customs website at http://www.customs.treas.gov/impoexpo/impoexpo.htm for more information.

What are the Customs Duty rates on your products?
For this information please visit http://dataweb.usitc.gov/scripts/tariff2001.asp

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What will you do to make sure I’m satisfied with my purchase?
We take pride in the quality of our products and stand behind the quality and workmanship of each one. To ensure your satisfaction, all shipments are carefully inspected before leaving our warehouse. If you are not satisfied with your purchase upon arrival, please notify us immediately and we will attempt to correct the situation.

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